Specimen details

This screen is used to specify or view the detailed description of a specimen.  It is designed to make recording data efficient, and to prompt a thorough collection of details.


The left hand side comprises a list of the types of attribute that can be specified – for example, cap colour, cap shape, etc.  Tapping on an attribute type will select it, and the right hand side then provides a list of specific attributes for the chosen characteristic – for example, Flat or Convex for Cap shape.



Level of detail


Note that on the Settings tab, under Level of detail, you can specify which attributes should be listed in the left hand side: if you are only interested in making simple observations – cap colour, size and so on – then the Basic View is sufficient.  If you wish to store more detailed observations – for example, that the cheilocystidia are lageniform – just select the Detailed View.



There is further information on the Specimen details screen as follows:

      navigating the attribute types

      attribute selection

o   selection list

o   colour chart

o   size entry

      specimen details – guide to the buttons




Navigating the attribute types

The left hand side lists the attribute types that can be specified.  The items shown in this list will vary depending on the chosen mushroom type.  For example, if the mushroom type is Gilled, there will be a section on gills, whereas if it is Cap with pores, there will be a section on pores instead of gills.


Tap to choose an attribute type.  The view on the right hand side will then show the specific attribute descriptions that can be chosen for that attribute type.


For example, to specify the cap shape for a collection which has a mixture of flat and convex caps, do the following (and see diagrams below):

      tap on the group heading “Cap”  (if it says Tap to expand)

      this expands the items on the left to show a list of cap attributes – tap on “Cap shape”

      the right hand side now has a list of shapes – tap on “Flat” and “Convex”

      tapping on the group heading “Cap” will cause it to collapse the selection on the left, though those attributes which have details will continue to be shown


Tap on “Cap” to expand it

View when expanded. Tap on “Cap” again to collapse.

View collapsed again. Entered data still shows.

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Attribute selection

Depending on the type of attribute, there are different detailed screens.  The main types are as follows:


      selection list – used to choose one or more from a given set of attribute descriptions

      colour chart – names of colours can be selected from a list, or you can use the chart to match colours to your specimen visually

      picture thumbnail viewer – see the Adding Photos help page for more details

      size entry used for the various size attributes that can be recorded

      notes or text screen – this allows text entry, for example, to enter the name of the specimen



Selection list


The selection list provides a set of the more common descriptions used for that attribute.  For example, tapping on the Cap shape attribute will bring up a list including Flat, Convex, Domed, Conical, etc.  Tap on the name to select it.  If you change your mind, tapping again will deselect it.  As fungi may display a range of characteristics, it is possible to select more than one attribute – for example a collection may include both flat and convex cap shapes.


Tapping on the round information button will bring up a short glossary description for the term.


A text note can be added instead of, or as well as, the attribute selection.  (The note box will expand to accommodate the text entered.)



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Colour chart

For colour attributes, the Colour Chart item will bring up a new screen allowing colours to be matched visually to your specimen.  Tapping on a colour will select or deselect it.  The chart can also be used for matching Russula spore colour.  The screen should be on full brightness for the best colour match.  (Screen brightness is set through the iPad’s own “Settings” app.)



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Size entry

Sizes can either be entered as a single amount or as a range – tap Single size or Enter range as required. If you are entering a range, tap on the size button, for example Enter minimum size to select this item.  Units can be chosen as required.  (The default units can be changed under Settings.)


For macroscopic measurements, you can use the on-screen ruler as your measuring device.  Tap on the Use Ruler button to bring this up.  On the ruler, drag the red bar to the required position.  You can change the ruler precision to make the measurements more or less precise.  You can also nudge the ruler up and down using the buttons at the bottom of the screen.



If you are using an iPad Mini rather than an iPad, change the device type – this will rescale the ruler appropriately.



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Specimen details – guide to the buttons

There are two buttons at the top of the list of forays.


The Next Attribute button just provides a handy way of selecting the next attribute type from the list on the left.  So, if you were looking at the Cap size attribute, and tapped this button, the next attribute, Cap shape would be selected.

The Actions button allows you to carry out a small range of actions for the current specimen. These are described below.



Actions are applied to just the selected specimen.


Change mushroom type allows you to specify whether the find is gilled, poroid, bracket, etc.  The type determines which groups of attributes are shown – for example, gills will not be shown for a type with pores.


Change foray or location allows you to amend the foray, or to set up a new one if required.


The PDF file will include all of the details for this specimen, and any images (assuming under Settings, you have not selected No images for PDF files.)


Delete this specimen will ask you to confirm first as the action will delete all images as well as any description.  This action is permanent.


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